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09 Mar 1980–08 Nov 1986

Vyacheslav Molotov

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Was a Stalinist politician and Soviet diplomat, an ardent Bolshevik and leading figure in the Soviet government since the 1920s when he gained power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin.

Molotov was a main signatory of the Nazi-Soviet non-aggression pact from 1939 (also known as the Molotov Pact) whose most important provisions were in the form of a secret protocol envisoning the invasion of Poland and the division of East-Central Europe between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. Molotov knew about the Katyń massacre perpetrated at that time by Soviet authorities. After the Second World War, Molotov was involved in negotiations with Western Allies in which he gained fame through his diplomatic skills. Until the end of his life, Molotov was a fervent communist and defender of Stalin’s policies and heritage against harsh criticism by his successors.

Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact
Official name

Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

The clauses

Neutrality pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939, by foreign ministers Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov, respectively.

Secret protocol

In addition to publicly announced stipulations of non-aggression, the treaty included a secret protocol which defined the borders of Soviet and German spheres of influence across the territories of Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Finland.

Aftermath

Thereafter, Germany invaded Poland on 1 September 1939.
Soviet leader Joseph Stalin ordered the Soviet invasion of Poland on 17 September.

1884–1973

Mustafa İsmet İnönü

1909–1989

Andrei Gromyko