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13 August 1961

13 August: Building of the Berlin Wall

GDR Head of State, Walter Albricht, announces ‘Nobody has the intention to erect a wall.’ Shortly thereafter, the Soviet sector of Berlin is nonetheless separated from the western sectors by the construction of a wall. Building the wall is apparently to prevent further mass exodus of discontented GDR citizens. The ‘Antifascist Protection Wall’ is expanded with guards and automatic guns into an impregnable barrier. The Wall is responsible for 138 deaths up to 1989.

04 November 1956

The Soviet Army Launches Its Invasion to Suppress the Hungarian Revolution

23 January 1963

23 January: Konrad Adenauer and Charles de Gaulle sign the German-French Treaty of Friendship