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01 August 1944

1 August – 3 October: Warsaw Uprising

Throughout the Soviet and German occupation, the Poles were fighting the invaders by taking part in the underground resistance movement (initially the Union of Armed Struggle, later the Home Army). Self-defence was organised and citizens were being prepared for future struggle. Armed operations came with time, too. There were executions of German war criminals. In 1944, the HA staged the Warsaw Uprising against the Germans where more than 40,000 soldiers fought for two months.

Warsaw Rising 1944

20 July 1944

20 July: Conspirators linked with Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg attempt to overthrow the Nazi dictatorship

23 August 1944

23 August 1944. Its internal and external consequences