20 July: Conspirators linked with Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg attempt to overthrow the Nazi dictatorship
When it starts to be clear that the Reich is losing the war, a conservative circle drawn from the military, aristocracy and officials plans Hitler’s murder and a coup. Colonel Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg places a bomb in the ‘Wolf’s Lair’ (Wolfsschanze), a command post in East Prussia. The bomb detonates but Hitler survives. Following the failed assassination attempt, the putsch quickly falls apart. Conspirators are condemned to death and executed. 20 July is now a day of remembrance in Germany.