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25 March 1988

Candle demonstration

The police brutally intervened against a peaceful demonstration for the observance of human and civil rights (the ‘candle demonstration’) in Bratislava. This was the first mass public protest since 1969. The harsh intervention aimed to show that the situation was firmly in control and sought to paralyze the hidden church’s activities. But the demonstration considerably contributed to the communist regime increasingly losing public sympathy and falling into isolation.

29 March 1983

29 March: Entry of the ‘Greens’ (‘Grünen’ ) into the German Bundestag

04 June 1989

Fall of communism in Poland