28 July 1914 – 11 November 1918 First World War
The First World War broke out in 1914 between the countries of the Triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary and Italy) and those of the Triple Entente (the UK, France and Russia). The Poles found themselves in a difficult situation where two occupying forces, Germany and Austria, were on one side of the conflict while the third – Russia – on the other. None of the occupier countries planned to grant the Poles statehood rights, yet they all tried to force them to fight on their side.
Outbreak and Progress of the First World War
Author: Prof. W. Roszkowski
Edited by: Prof. J. Rydel, dr R. Żurek