09 November 1923
9 November: Hitler unsuccessfully attempts to gain power in a putsch
From 1921, Adolf Hitler is the leader of the nationalist anti-Semitic Nazi Party, the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP). With other radical conspirators, he attempts to launch a coup d’état from Munich against the republic. The so-called Beer Hall Putsch fails due to insufficient planning and police action. Troops open fire on a subsequent march of supporters through Munich to the Feldherrenhalle. Hitler is convicted and imprisoned for high treason.