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01 January 1993

Establishment of an independent Slovak Republic

The coexistence of Slovaks and Czechs had been a pressing issue when democracy arrived. Disputes centred on the president, the name of the country and the Slovak Language Act. All potential constitutional solutions were considered: from centralised united state, various forms of federation and two separate states. Everybody referred to the historical tradition, contemporary examples and the solution’s durability. Politicians found that splitting the joint country was the only solution.

26 December 1991

Dissolution of the USSR and German reunification

12 March 1999

12 March: Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary become NATO members