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25 June 1976

June 1976: Protests in Radom and Ursus

1976 saw renewed workers’ protests, in Radom and Ursus, with the militia suppressing them brutally. Many workers were detained or beaten. In the aftermath, a group of opposition activists decided to set up the Workers’ Defence Committee which became the basis of the Polish democratic opposition. Almost simultaneously, other opposition-based organisations appeared, such as the Movement for Defence of Human and Civic Rights and the Confederation of Independent Poland.

14 December 1970

December 1970 protests

17 October 1977

Night of 17 into 18 October: Suicide of RAF terrorists Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe in the Stuttgart-Stammheim jail