01 May 1926
May coup d’état
The first years of the Second Republic were very hard. After 123 years of captivity, Poland faced social, economic and political problems as well as constant danger from its neighbours. With parliamentary governance weak, a political resolution (‘May coup d’état’) came in 1926, an armed action by Piłsudski and the faithful military against the president. After 3 days of fights, the latter resigned to be replaced by I. Mościcki. The ‘Sanation’ period began, to heal Polish politics and economy.