01 January 1905
Revolution in Russia and on Polish territory
In 1905 Poles and Lithuanians also joined the strike action of Russian workers, calling on the occupier to grant them freedom of faith and use of Polish and Lithuanian languages in schools and offices. The Russian revolution awoke hope in the Poles for their country’s regained independence. Once the revolution ended in a defeat, martial law was imposed on Polish territory, yet the Poles managed to set up a number of scientific and political institutions.