17 September 1939
The Polish government, gold reserves and refugees in Romania.
After the attacks against Poland by Germany on 1 September 1939 and then by the Soviet Union on 17 September, the president of the Polish Republic, the members of government and the supreme commander of the Polish army became refugees in the territory of Romania. Another 100,000 Poles became refugees in Romania and were received with sympathy by the Romanian public. The Polish gold reserves crossed Romania and were loaded on a British vessel in the port of Constanța. Isolated from its traditional allies of Britain and France and surrounded by hostile neighbours, Romania declared its neutrality on 6 September 1939.