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12 January 1943

The Second Hungarian Army Is Decimated at the River Don

After Germany’s Blitzkrieg against the Soviet Union ended in disaster, Axis forces were needed to defend the Eastern Front against the Soviet Army’s offensive attack. Two hundred-fifty thousand troops serving in the Second Hungarian Army were ordered to protect a 208-kilometre long defensive line located at the River Don. Lacking the supplies and equipment necessary for surviving in freezing, January conditions, the Hungarian Army was decimated by the Soviet attack, resulting in devastating losses. Additional Hungarian forces were not sent to the front.

02 July 1942

Establishment of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and Arts

19 April 1943

Uprising in the Warsaw Ghetto