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28 October 1918

The origin of independent Czechoslovakia (28 October 1918)

In 1918 the exiled Czechoslovak National Council in Paris and the domestic National Czechoslovak Committee prepared for a national revolution and the declaration of an independent state. Exilées established a provisional Czech-Slovak government in autumn 1918 with Masaryk as chairman, and with Beneš and Štefánik. A day after Austria-Hungary accepted the USA’s peace conditions on 27 October 1918, the “men of October” (Rašín, Švehla, Soukup, Stříbrný) declared Czechoslovakia an independent state.

09 April 1918

Bessarabia, Bukovina, Transylvania and Banat unite with Romania

30 October 1918

30 October: The Martin Declaration