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Czechia

28 October 1918

The origin of independent Czechoslovakia (28 October 1918)

In 1918 the exiled Czechoslovak National Council in Paris and the domestic National Czechoslovak Committee prepared for a national revolution and the declaration of an independent state. Exilées established a provisional Czech-Slovak government in autumn 1918 with Masaryk as chairman, and with Beneš and Štefánik. A day after Austria-Hungary accepted the USA’s peace conditions on 27 October 1918, the “men of October” (Rašín, Švehla, Soukup, Stříbrný) declared Czechoslovakia an independent state.

08 June 1918

1918-1939: Culture and science develop in the Second Republic

30 October 1918

30 October: The Martin Declaration