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Hungary

30 October 1918

The Outbreak of the Chrysanthemum Revolution (October 30, 1918)

As the war ended, anti-war sentiment increased. Veterans and civilians demanded the right to freedom, access to land, better livelihoods, peace and independence. Hesitant to thwart the Chrysanthemum Revolution, authorities agreed to appoint the pacifist, Mihály Károlyi, as prime minister. While living conditions showed little improvement, the entente continued not to support Károlyi’s foreign policies. The government’s popularity plummeted, leading to the failure of Hungary’s civil democracy.

28 October 1918

The origin of independent Czechoslovakia (28 October 1918)

30 October 1918

30 October: The Martin Declaration