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Architecture took a big step forward at the beginning of the 20th century – the long-lasting preference of form over function was challenged by artists such as Mies van der Rohe, Adolf Loos and Walter Gropius. The Bauhaus school, founded 1919 in Weimar, served as a meeting place and laboratory for ground-breaking ideas. The new style was modern and functional, always prioritizing the individual requirements of the resident. The aim of this "new guild of artisans" was to introduce modern housing solutions for the different social classes of a typical city.