23 August 1939
23 August: Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
In the second half of the 1930s, Poland pursued a balanced foreign policy. In 1932, it had concluded a non-aggression pact with the USSR and two years later with Germany. Regrettably, given Poland’s geopolitical position between two war-seeking totalitarian powers both accords were violated and on 23 August 1939 the USSR and Germany signed the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (named after the foreign ministers), a plan for yet another partition of Poland and borders of influence exerted by the occupiers.