Russian Revolution 1917

Russian Revolution 1917

On 8 March 1917, riots broke out in Petrograd (formerly St Petersburg). Factory workers took to the streets demanding better wages and protesting against the tsar, who was on the front. It was hoped that the unrest could be controlled by the army, but some soldiers refused to follow the tsar’s orders.

During another wave of workers’ strike action in Russia in 1917, soldiers refused to shoot at the protesters. With the tsar was forced to abdicate, control over the ensuing chaos was progressively taken by Lenin, the Bolshevik leader. A civil war broke out between the Bolsheviks and supporters of the old order. After the breakup of the Romanov empire, the independent Baltic republics appeared: Finland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. The Poles and Ukrainians started to actively fight for freedom.

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The Russian Revolution 1917

Written by written by Prof. Wojciech Roszkowski, Prof. Andrzej Nowak, edited by Dr Nathan Marcus.