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27 October 1968

Act of Federalisation of Czechoslovakia

With the Federation Act, the Slovak policy struggle for the equal position of Slovak and Czechs in a joint country apparently culminated in success. It had lasted from 1944. The federation removed the long-term centralistic management of the state. Two federal republics were established and joint federal bodies started to function. However, future years showed that normalisation was the end of the federation. The competences of republic bodies were reduced to strengthen ‘democratic socialism,’ but mainly the leading role of the Communist Party was strengthened.

21 August 1968

Invasion of Warsaw Pact troops, 20 – 21 August 1968

17 April 1969

Gustáv Husák leads the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia